Sphere to Torus
Brown & Clear acrylic, Laser plywood, Velcro, Cable ties
150 x 150 x 150cm (Dimensions Variable)
Mobius Strip 096
Brown & Clear acrylic, Laser Plywood, Cable ties, Nylon thread (0.2mm)
I created Mobius Strip 096 and Sphere to Torus in 2018 for my BA Degree show. Mobius Strip 096 introduces the concept of topology to spectators through familiarity. The sculpture comments on the meditation topologists used which involved counting and Euclidean geometry to guide the mind. Mobius Strip 096 is made up of three interlocking rings to create a three-dimensional skeleton of a sphere, a form which the audience is familiar with. Threaded ninety-six times throughout the sphere is the Mobius strip. The strip is the most recognisable topological form, therefore its inclusion within an introductory sculpture is necessary. The nylon thread (like Naum Gabo) exclusively targets the mind by creating illusions of parabolic curves from the repetition of the Mobius strip. However, the number of threads is non-systematic, used only to highlight the counting applied within meditation and is something I directly reference in my titling, using the zero in ‘096’ to show it is a number and not a year.
Sphere to Torus encompasses the transformational properties of topology such as crumpling, folding and stretching. Although the concept’s pure form exists only in the mind, these actions of morphing are typically achieved with our hands. Throughout the Neo-Concrete art movement, Lygia Clark used materials to suggest interaction from the audience. Sphere to Torus also uses materials such as Velcro, hinges and cable ties to suggest the temporary state of the sculpture. These materials provide instructions to the viewer e.g. the hinges will fold only one way, the Velcro attaches and detaches in specific areas. The use of cable ties may be visually dominant due to quantity, however it is preferable over the residue left behind by adhesives. The titling also acts as instruction, the sculpture folds from a sphere into the topological form ‘torus’.I designed the sculptures to have a diagrammatic appearance with influence from scientific models such as gyroscopes and orreries. Key materials such as wood and Perspex, alongside the use of stands to display the sculptures, offers a practicality as well as the refined aesthetic of an apparatus.
Originally, I used preparatory drawings to develop my understanding of form and these were illustrated on a light-burgundy graph paper, also informing my choice of wood and colour. By including a horizontal ring of brown Perspex viewers’ attentions are directed into the centre of each sculpture whilst also eliminating any external concepts relating to colour theory. Upon reflection and further maquette experimentation, I found the inclusion of a coloured, mirrored acrylic offers a contemporary presence more relatable to a modern audience.